Oguz Kaan Kısa · Feb. 11, 2021
Numerous paleoanthropologists argue that Africa is the oldest inhabited area in the world. According to scientists who defend this view based on fossils and human remains dating back millions of years, the first human species migrate from Africa to other parts of the world and thus human life begins on other continents.
We can say that the concept of "evil eye", which finds its place in many parts of the world, also finds its place in Africa. The evil eye, one of the many superstitions widely known and believed in Africa, is defined as an energy that led up to bad events.
In Africa, a number of measures are also taken to protect against the evil eye, which is believed to cause diseases, deaths, financial losses and many other negative things. For example, to wear evil eye beads on the doors of houses, clothes, is one of the traditional measures commonly used across the continent.
There are 54 different countries on the African continent. There is also a region in Western Sahara that is not autonomous, that is, it does not control itself. It is not surprising that there are so many countries in Africa, which alone has 20% of all land parts in the world with a surface area of 30,065.00 km².
Although Africa is one of the largest continents in the world, it is the second most populous continent after Asia with a population of 1 billion 216 million according to 2016 data. This information about Africa shows that about 16% of the world's population lives in the African continent.
The fact that Africa is so crowded and hosts so many countries also means that a large number of languages are spoken. Although there is a misconception among the people that only the African language is spoken in Africa, more than 2 thousand languages are spoken throughout the continent. Among these languages, the most widely spoken one is Arabic.
According to Bloomberg, about 30 percent of households in Nigeria experienced severe food shortages last month, compared to 5.9 percent in the same period of 2019. Rice prices, for example, rose 28 percent from last year. People were unable to afford bread, milk and some other staple foods.
Due to the high human population, there are many different beliefs and religions in the continent. The most dominant of these is Islam. The countries with the largest Muslim population of the African continent appear as Egypt and Nigeria.
We come to one of the most interesting details of our list of information about Africa. Due to its geographical location, the only continent cut by both 0 degrees longitude (initial meridian) and 0 degrees latitude (equatorial line) is the African continent. This situation naturally makes Africa the most centrally located continent in the world.
Let's not go without mentioning that Africa, which offers a perfect environment for exploring wildlife with safari trips, is the homeland of giraffes. Although zoos offer the opportunity to see giraffes up close, we can actually conclude that the natural environment of these creatures is African grasslands.
Africa is the homeland of elephants, similar to giraffes. However, of course, these lands do not only offer habitat for these two animal species. All over Africa is filled with countless wild animal species such as antelope, baboons, buffalo, cheetah, leopard, lion, ostrich, hyenas, hippo, rhinoceros, zebra, and vulture.
Retba Lake, a magnificent natural wonder, is located in Senegal and amazes those who see it for the first time with its pink color. The reason for this attractive view of Retba Lake, which offers a beautiful setting for perfect photo frames, is the algae called Dunaliella Salina. At the same time, Retba Lake, which contains high salt, also contributes to the salt industry.
As much of Africa is covered with deserts, the Sahara Desert, the world's largest desert, is also located in Africa. The Sahara Desert, located in the north of the continent, has an area larger than the USA with its size of 8.6 million km².
Colonialism has been Africa's biggest problem for centuries. It started with the slave trade in the 15th century, and current colonialism has made Africa a place where humanity and hopes are running out. On the other hand, it is worth noting that many people, non-governmental organizations, public / private institutions and organizations struggling for the development of African societies, repayment of the workforce and the end of labor exploitation have remarkable efforts.