Oguz Kaan Kısa · Feb. 9, 2021
Azerbaijan is a country that is hardly found on the maps due to its size and is not well known in the world as a very young independent country of 27 years. Among the countries with extensive knowledge of Azerbaijan are Azerbaijan's neighbors, relatives and former Soviet countries. However, the world has a lot to learn about the history, culture, civilization, people and geographical location of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan is the world's oldest petrol exporter. The first petrol drilling in the world was made in Absheron in 1847. The world's best quality petrol is extracted in Azerbaijan, the first country to open Caspian petrol to the West. In 1859, the first petrol factory in the world was also established in Baku. In addition, a petrol pump was used in Baku for the first time in the world in 1872.
The name Azerbaijan means "Azar Payegan", meaning "Fire Guards" in Persian. This particular name defines Azerbaijan as the 'Land of Fires' and Azerbaijan is known worldwide as the "Land of Fire".
Baku is known as the "City of the Winds". It takes its name from "Bağ-ı Kü", which means "Connection of Winds" in Persian.Azerbaijan, whose capital is Baku, is a country with a population of 9 million 800 thousand and a national income of 9 thousand 300 dollars per capita.
Azerbaijan has changed its flag many times until its final independence. The sky blue color of the current Azerbaijani flag emphasizes that the Azerbaijani people are of Turkish origin.
The color red represents the modernity of the Azerbaijani people and the development of democracy in the country. The green color indicates Islam. According to historians, when the tricolor flag was accepted as the state flag by the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, the meanings of the crescent and eight-pointed star are not disclosed, although what the colors mean. It is stated that the crescent represents the Turkish peoples, and each corner of the 8-pointed star indicates Turkism, Islam, Modernity, Statism, Democracy, Equality, Azerbaijaniism and Civilization. Another idea about the star on the Azerbaijani flag is that the eight-pointed star, which is widely used in Azerbaijani architecture, is the symbol of the eight Turkish community.
Due to its geographical location, Azerbaijan was subjected to the political pressure of the Russians in the north and the Persians in the south. Azerbaijan has gained independence twice. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in 1918, but two years later the Red Army entered Azerbaijan and proclaimed the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan gained its independence for the second time in 1991 with the Soviet Union falling apart. Azerbaijan; It is the first republic established within the Caucasus, Middle East and Turkish states.
Norwegian researchers claim that the Scandinavian ancestors originated from the Azerbaijani lands and thus the Azerbaijanis were related to the Scandinavian people.
Azerbaijan has a special place in the world with its geographical conditions. The deepest point of the Caspian Sea is within the borders of Azerbaijan with 1025 meters. The Azerbaijani climate has 9 of the 11 climate types in the world. Subtropical climate covers 65% of the country. The temperate climate covers 35% of the country.
The only natural plane tree forest in Europe is located in the Zangilan region of Azerbaijan. Demirağaç, a rare tree that grows in Azerbaijan, has interesting features. When the branches of the demirağaç sink in water due to their specific weight, when they touch each other, it becomes a whole by sticking as if welded. The tree, which can only be processed when it is wet, can neither be cut with an ax nor nail it after it dries. The roots of the tree, which can live for 400 years, are spreading superficially, not deeply. This protects the soil from erosion.
Have you ever heard of "mud volcano"? Azerbaijan is known as the land of mud volcanoes. There are approximately 700 mud volcanoes in the world. About 300 and the largest are in Azerbaijan. In addition, mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan are nominated for inclusion in the list of Seven Wonders of the World.
There is a flaming hill called “Flaming Mountain”, also known as "Earth of Fire" in Azerbaijan. On this hill, which leaks flammable gas, flames can reach up to 3 meters per year. The people of the region living near this slope, which can be ignited with a match, can benefit from the hot spring waters. These hills, which are terrifyingly red at night, have been the sacred place of worship for the Zoroastrians who worshiped fire before Islam. At the same time, waters containing sulfur-dominated natural minerals in the Masallı region can also burn.
Having the same currency as Turkmenistan, the Azerbaijani Manat is the 5th valuable currency in the world.