Oguz Kaan Kısa · Feb. 1, 2021
There are two different opinions about where the name comes from. According to the first view, the country was given this name because the word 'Portugal' means 'hot port' in Latin. According to the other view, it is formed from the combination of the names of the two settlements 'Portus' and 'Cale', which are left from the Romans, located near the city of Porto today.
Portugal is the 17th safest country in terms of health Family Life: Divorce rates, Social Life: Participation in non-governmental organizations, social organizations, Economic status: Gross national product per capita, Management and security issues.
In addition to being the national language of Portugal, Portuguese is spoken in 9 countries in total in Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Cape Verdean and São Tomé and Pres Bordeaux.
Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world. It is spoken by approximately 240 million people, followed by Bengali and Russian.
Portuguese people played an important role in Geographical Discoveries. They helped explore several lands unknown to Europeans in America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.
There are 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Portugal, ranked 8th and 17th in Europe. More than 13 million people visit the country each year.Jerónimos Monastery (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos), the most important historical and touristic place in the Belém region, is the most important of these traces. The construction of the monastery began in 1501 and was financed by taxes from the spice trade. There is usually a long ticket line at the entrance to the monastery. Entrance fee 6 €, free with Lisbon card.
The longest bridge in Europe is located in Lisbon and was chosen to pay homage to the excellent Vasco da Gama. The length of the bridge is 17.2 km. The bridge over the Tajo River was opened in 1998 and has an incredibly harmonious shape. The bridge was opened on 29 March on the occasion of the important historical event, the 500th anniversary of the discovery of a route from Europe to India. It looks especially incredibly beautiful and impressive at night when the bridge is decorated with thousands of LED lights. The bridge lighting system is unique and developed according to modern ecological standards. The light was only directed upwards at night, without disturbing the Tagus river inhabitants.
Founded in Lisbon in 1290, the University of Coimbra is one of the oldest universities in the world, as well as Portugal's oldest university and largest higher education and research institution.
At the event held in the city of Porto, thousands of people, including women and children, continued their march until late, singing and dancing on the streets, regardless of the cold weather and rain. Vitor Ferreira, one of the organizers of the march, said they embarked on such a business to convey the warmth of Christmas to those who can't always experience it. Ferreira noted that all Santa Clauses participating in the march donated 1 Euro each to receive gifts for children in need in Porto.
Portugal is also known as the "land of tiles". The Portuguese decorated their walls and floor with tiles for a long time. You can visit the National Tile Museum in Lisbon to learn more about the history and artistic development of Portuguese tiles and to see the collections from the past to the present.
Portugal is the world leader in renewable energy generation. Portugal meets approximately 70% of its energy needs from hydroelectric, wind and solar energy. The country also converts the movement of ocean waves into electricity and energy. (They have a truly secure future given the scarcity of energy facing the world.)
Port wine A strong alcoholic beverage, its name comes from the Portuguese word Porto. This is a red fortified wine traditionally produced in Portugal.Britain was forced to refuse wine supplies from French Bordeaux and order wine from Porto due to the unfavorable political situation. At that time, the Douro Valley produced 12-13% red wines.
Portugal has the lowest fertility rate in the EU, with 82,367 babies born in 2014. France is one of the countries with the highest fertility rate in the EU, which reached 819,300 in 2014.
Madeira Island is an autonomous region and archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean and connected to Portugal. Located 400 kilometers north of the Canary Islands, the islands are a thousand kilometers away from the European Continent. It forms the two autonomous regions of Portugal with the Azores archipelago located in the northwest. Madeira, which has a magnificent nature called "floating garden of the Atlantic", was discovered in 1419 by Tristão Vaz Teixeira, Bartolomeu Perestrelo and João Gonçalves Zarco.
On May 17, 2010, Portuguese president Aníbal Cavaco Silva approved a proposal in his country that frees gay marriage. Thus, Portugal became the eighth country in the world to allow same-sex marriage. The new law removes the requirement in the old law that marriages can be made by two different sexes. Gay rights advocates say that the law does not allow same-sex couples to adopt children but they will continue to fight for it.