Oguz Kaan Kısa · March 3, 2021
Teaching and learning methods in formal education are limited, but in distance education / e-learning systems, dozens, hundreds of different teaching and learning methods may be possible with digital tools. For example; With interactive videos, information can be better comprehended, education can be made more fun with various gamifications, and exams can be made more educational with interesting visuals.
We can easily say that one of the most obvious advantages of distance learning is that it eliminates distances. Information or lectures that you can access anytime, anywhere are usually served in short pieces. In this way, you can even evaluate the time between your other errands. The fact that online education is modular and independent of time and place shows how flexible it is. In addition, it provides the opportunity to stop and continue wherever you want, which is not possible in formal education.
In formal education, a higher quality education can be provided only when the class population is less, but there is no such difference in distance education methods. In addition, as long as you have an appropriate infrastructure (internet, computer, etc.), there is no data limitation in distance education.
The same educational content can be accessed from different countries and different geographies. It reduces the disruption of education in areas with security problems In extraordinary situations (war, curfew, etc.), the student's learning can be continued. It provides options for people who are restricted to being in some communities due to cultural and religious beliefs.
Formal education is the type of education that has thousands of different methods and the least variety of e-learning methods are still being developed. Many teachers and students may find it difficult to adapt to formal education methods, but the variety of online education methods are endless. In this way, the teacher can find the most suitable teaching method for them, and the students can find the most suitable learning methods for them on e-learning platforms.
One of the most important advantages of distance education methods is that the person can determine his / her own training speed. In some distance learning methods, training can be paused wherever desired and repeated as many times as desired. However, this situation can also offer a negative freedom to students who do not have enough to learn and discipline. When structural features such as the time schedule and stages of education are not under the control of an instructor, this situation can be pulled in unproductive directions by the student.
It is not possible to say that every distance education platform where video conferencing and training materials can be uploaded is sufficient. Many issues such as the fast operation of distance learning platforms, the regular and structured data, the audibility of the trainers and trainers, the statistics of the training, the reporting interfaces of these statistics; plays an important role in the quality of these systems. Realization of all these features is both difficult and requires an additional cost.
Especially in online education, problems such as internet connection problems can be very annoying. Both the instructor and the student must have a good internet infrastructure in order to prevent these problems experienced in video training. Other technical problems other than internet connection can also cause disruption of education. Therefore, the maintenance, update, hosting, backup costs of a distance education platform are higher than the maintenance, update, hosting, backup costs of an ordinary website.
As in all software, security is an important problem in distance education platforms. In particular, distance learning platforms that issue official certificates can be attacked by malicious people. For this, it is important that the system is open source and that it is periodically maintenance, update, backup and hosting.