Oguz Kaan Kısa · April 18, 2021
Distance education, as it emphasizes, is a system in which students and teachers are separate from each other. The lines of this separation have been defined as time and space in many sources.
Face-to-face learning is a system where students and teachers can see each other. In the World Bank's education contribution program, this system has been defined as a sponge and undistributed system.
Distance Learning; Due to the structure of the system (based on time and space), the tools used vary in many aspects such as evaluation methods and training planning.
While the differences of distance education appear as an advantage, it sometimes appears as a disadvantage. As an example of advantages, the contribution of the student population can be considered.
As an example of disadvantages, distance education may be considered to be insufficient in some cases.
Thanks to technological developments, floppy disks, video cassettes, CD-ROMs, satellite broadcasts, video conferences and the Internet have gained an important place in distance education studies. However, in many countries, it has not been fully determined whether the future python results of distance education in the field of education will be positive or negative.
It is also suspected that it could have a devastating effect on traditional education.
For all these reasons, it is important to examine the differences, advantages and disadvantages between these two systems, especially in terms of developing distance education.
When the history of distance education is examined, it is seen that it has improved with technology. The main difference of distance education from face-to-face learning is the use of technology. In this context, some of these differences are:
- Student and teacher are separate from each other,
- Different vehicles are being used,
- Distance education to appeal to a wider audience,
- Distance education is more related to technology,
- Different evaluation systems,
- Ensuring independence from place and / or time,
can be considered as.
When the advantages of distance education are examined, it is seen that these advantages are not limited to success in education. They point out that it also extends to issues such as the democratization of education and the formation of new concepts. Some of these advantages are:
- Reaching students who do not have the opportunity to learn face to face,
- Decrease in education expenses,
- Increasing the quality of education due to the fact that it is a more centralized system,
- Distance education is more easily sustainable due to the opportunities provided,
- Allowing faster transfer of technological developments,
- Ensuring that all individuals benefit from education equally,
- Providing mass education with individual and independent learning by developing new opportunities in cases where individuals need different education and the current education system cannot meet this,
- Creating new options to eliminate the problems in traditional education practices,
- Creating new models that create educational opportunities for individuals who are outside of the current education,
- Providing the opportunity to communicate effectively between students and educators living in different countries of the world,
- Students can benefit from the educational opportunities of universities in different countries of the world through distance education,
- It can be considered as providing comfort to students with psychological problems (for example social phobia).
The success of distance education is closely related to the possible problems that may arise in the vehicles used. The fact that even the systems installed by spending billions of dollars are far from providing uninterrupted service can provide a basic idea about the disadvantages of distance education. Some of these disadvantages are:
- Problems that may arise in the vehicles used have a wide effect,
- Some of the students cannot access the necessary facilities (eg computer),
- The negative effects of the change in communication methods,
- Infrastructure changes directly affect education plans,
- Additional burden due to the effect of the teacher's area of responsibility,
- Face-to-face interaction environments and opportunities that are important in learning environments
- Learning difficulties encountered in the learning process cannot be solved immediately and problems that may develop after this situation,
- The development of behavior caused by not being able to receive immediate help and fixing the problem,
- Planning difficulty for individuals who do not have the habit of self-study and have not developed this ability,
- The obligation to study at the time that working individuals will spare for themselves,
- Limitations in the handling of application-intensive subjects such as laboratories and workshops,
- Limitations in communication due to the large number of students,
can be considered as.